A History of Gay Pride
From the Parade to the Movement
The Origins & History of The Gay Pride Movement
Stonewall NYC June 28th, 1969
were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York City. They are widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement and the modern fight for gay and lesbian rights in the United States.
Gay Americans in the 1950s and 1960s faced a legal system more anti-homosexual than those of some Warsaw Pact countries. Early homophile groups in the U.S. sought to prove that gay people could be assimilated into society, and they favored non-confrontational education for homosexuals and heterosexuals alike. The last years of the 1960s, however, were very contentious, as many social movements were active, including the African American Civil Rights Movement, the Counterculture of the 1960s, and antiwar demonstrations. These influences, along with the liberal environment of Greenwich Village, served as catalysts for the Stonewall riots.
Very few establishments welcomed openly gay people in the 1950s and 1960s. Those that did were often bars, although bar owners and managers were rarely gay. At the time, the Stonewall Inn was owned by the Mafia. It catered to an assortment of patrons and was known to be popular among the poorest and most marginalized people in the gay community: drag queens, representatives of a newly self-aware transgender community, effeminate young men, male prostitutes, and homeless youth. Police raids on gay bars were routine in the 1960s, but officers quickly lost control of the situation at the Stonewall Inn. They attracted a crowd that was incited to riot. Tensions between New York City police and gay residents of Greenwich Village erupted into more protests the next evening, and again several nights later. Within weeks, Village residents quickly organized into activist groups to concentrate efforts on establishing places for gays and lesbians to be open about their sexual orientation without fear of being arrested.
After the Stonewall riots, gays and lesbians in New York City faced gender, race, class, and generational obstacles to becoming a cohesive community. Within six months, two gay activist organizations were formed in New York, concentrating on confrontational tactics, and three newspapers were established to promote rights for gays and lesbians. Within a few years, gay rights organizations were founded across the U.S. and the world. On June 28, 1970, the first Gay Pride marches took place in New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago commemorating the anniversary of the riots. Similar marches were organized in other cities. Today, Gay Pride events are held annually throughout the world toward the end of June to mark the Stonewall riots.
Psychic Bella's Insight
From all documentation both visual and written, these brave men and women gave the New York City Police Department one hell of a night and a run for their money and their batons, once you've beaten people down their entire lives, after you commit illegal attacks against them, they will rise up and revolt to protect themselves and the ones they love, this is the core of the gay pride movement, and gay pride parade, we celebrate gay pride in June because of this very crucial day and time in history that still reminds us as it ripples through time to the present day that we must keep going, the fight is not over, not until we're treated equally. As you dress up and celebrate never forget where we came from. like the original feminists that fought for basic rights, we'd have none, we'd still be forced to live in the closet, lose jobs, pensions, retirement, equal health care rights and more if it wasn't for this tumultuous explosion in human rights history.
To honor those that came before us why not watch Milk and toast those that have fought so hard to get us where we are today, as Harvey Milk Day was yesterday and his memory still lives on in our community remember where you came from, and know that we're still on this road together.
Interactive Gay Rights Timeline
LGBT Social Movements
Gay Pride Present & Future
or LGBT pride is the positive stance against discrimination and violence toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people to promote their self-affirmation, dignity, equality rights, increase their visibility as a social group, build community, and celebrate sexual diversity and gender variance. Pride, as opposed to shame and social stigma, is the predominant outlook that bolsters most LGBT rights movements throughout the world. Pride has lent its name to LGBT-themed organizations, institutes, foundations, book titles, periodicals and even a cable TV station and the Pride Library.
Ranging from solemn to carnivalesque, pride events are typically held during LGBT Pride Month or some other period that commemorates a turning point in a country’s LGBT history, for example Moscow Pride in May for the anniversary of Russia's 1993 decriminalization of homosexuality. Some pride events include LGBT pride parades and marches, rallies, commemorations, community days, dance parties, and large festivals, such as Sydney Mardi Gras, which spans several weeks.
Common symbols of pride are the rainbow or pride flag, the lowercase Greek letter lambda (λ), the pink triangle and the black triangle, these latter two reclaimed from use asbadges of shame in Nazi concentration camps.
Annual RemindersThe 1950s and 1960s in the United States was an extremely repressive legal and social period for LGBT people. In this context American homophile organizations such as the Daughters of Bilitis and the Mattachine Society coordinated some of the earliest demonstrations of the modern LGBT rights movement. These two organizations in particular carried out pickets called “Annual Reminders” to inform and remind Americans that LGBT people did not receive basic civil rights protections. Annual Reminders began in 1965 and took place each July 4 at Independence Hall in Philadelphia.
"Gay is Good"
The anti-LGBT discourse of these times equated both male and female homosexuality with mental illness. Inspired by Stokely Carmichael's "Black is Beautiful", Gay civil rights pioneer and participant in the Annual Reminders Frank Kameny originated the slogan "Gay is Good" in 1968 to counter social stigma and personal feelings of guilt and shame.
June is Officially LGBT Pride Month
The month of June was chosen for LGBT Pride Month to commemorate the Stonewall riots, which occurred at the end of June 1969. As a result, many pride events are held during this month to recognize the impact LGBT people have had in the world. Brenda Howard is known as the "Mother of Pride", for her work in coordinating the first LGBT Pride march, and she also originated the idea for a week-long series of events around Pride Day which became the genesis of the annual LGBT Pride celebrations that are now held around the world every June. Additionally, Howard along with fellow LGBT rights activists Robert A. Martin (aka Donny the Punk) and L. Craig Schoonmaker are credited with popularizing the word "Pride" to describe these festivities. As LGBT rights activist Tom Limoncelli put it, "The next time someone asks you why LGBT Pride marches exist or why [LGBT] Pride Month is June tell them 'A bisexual woman named Brenda Howard thought it should be.'"
On six occasions, the President of the United States has officially declared a Pride Month. First, President Bill Clinton declared June "Gay & Lesbian Pride Month" on June 2, 2000. Then, in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012,and 2013. President Barack Obama declared June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month.
Google marked any LGBT-related search results in June 2012 with a rainbow colored pattern underneath search results.
Psychic Bella's Insight
The LGBT Pride Movement & Festival Celebrations have continued to thrive and gain larger support from the local cities and governments worldwide. as Fresno Rainbow Pride & Community Link Celebrate 20 years of being a crucial part of the LGBT Equality Movement by throwing Pride Festivals and offering endless resources within the community, I smile realizing that the world truly is changing, as we join hands, dawn ourselves with feathers, decadent costumes, and party with each other in celebration of the new dawning age of humanity, I'm proud to be a member of this loving and supportive family and community, and as we reflect on where we've come these past few decades, it's amazing to see what's in store for us in the near future. The Local Parade is June 7th Saturday at 10am here in Tower District, I hope to see each and every one of you celebrating this big jump in human and equal rights, gay, straight or somewhere in between let's celebrate like the true drag queens we are inside and out!
Love is Eternal
Free LGBT Wedding Officiant Services with Ordained Minister Psychic Bella
Congratulations LGBT Community!
We did it!
Out and Proud and serving the spiritual community worldwide since 2008. I've been an advocate for equal rights since the tender age of 3 when I dealt with bigotry towards my gay family members and biracial family members and proudly protested and haven't stopped since!
Shadows Into Light Spiritual Services with Psychic Bella:
Psychic Bella, and Ordained Minister Jessica Thomas of ULC.Net have been serving the Spiritual Community of Fresno as well as International Clients since 2008. After receiving ordination my utmost excitement was being apart of the overturning of Prop. 8 and DOMA! We Did It! I spread the word then and I'm spreading it now! In celebration of the shift in consciousness that started in 2012 as well as the love of universal equality, I'm waiving my usual $250.00 Officiant Services and will gladly assist in your wedding to truly make it the one you've always dreamed you'd never have.
Shadows Into Light Spiritual Services with Ordained Minister Psychic Bella